The Christian community in India is still suffering from the events of 2008 when Hindu extremists carried out savage and unprovoked attacks on Christian villages in Orissa, leaving thousands of refugees.
4,640 houses, 252 churches and 13 educational institutions were destroyed. Although the All India Christian Council estimates 70 were killed in the violence, many are still missing and the figure may be as many as 500. 54,000 were made homeless during the riots, and even in 2010 many were still living in displacement camps.
The work of the Catholic Church in India makes no distinction between castes and is therefore often seen to be a danger to the existing Indian social structure. This year, India has not witnessed attacks against the Christian community on the scale of those that took place in 2008, although a high number of isolated incidents of violence continued to afflict the community. The Indian population, estimated at 1100.00 million, is multiethnic. Over 8% are indigenous tribal peoples, with well over 600 different tribes. The overwhelming majority (over 80%) of the population are Hindus, followed by Muslims (around 13%), and Christians, (2.4%).